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Hysteroscopy is a procedure used to look inside of the uterus.  A hysteroscope is a thin lens that is passed through the cervix to allow the gynecologist to see inside of a uterus.  Hysteroscopy is frequently performed to assist in identifying reasons for abnormal uterine bleeding.  It may also be used to treat recurrent miscarriages or remove a displaced IUD.

 

 

Hysterectomy refers to the surgical removal of the uterus.  Many conditions are treated in this manner including uterine fibroids, endometriosis, pelvic support problems, abnormal bleeding, cancer, pelvic pain, and others.  This can be for performed in several different ways.  Sometimes removal through the vagina is appropriate.  At other times, the uterus may need to be removed through the abdominal wall.  Minimally invasive gynecologic surgical techniques have evolved to allow removal of the uterus through smaller incisions with laparoscopic, robotic, and single incision laparoscopic techniques.

 

 

Laparoscopy is a surgical technique is used as a tool to allow the surgeon to see inside of the abdomen.  It involves passing a thin telescope lens into the abdominal wall through very small incisions.  A variety of conditions can be treated in this manner including endometriosis, ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancies, sterilizations, hysterectomies, and many others.

 

 

Hysterosalpingography (HSG) refers to an x-ray technique allowing visualization of the inside of the uterus and fallopian tubes.  It is frequently utilized to identify if a woman's tubes are blocked.  It can also show the shape of the inside of the uterus.

 

 

Dilation and Curettage (D&C) is a surgical treatment performed to remove tissue from the uterine lining. Dilation means to open the cervix and curettage involves gently sampling tissue from inside the uterine cavity.

 

 

Colposcopy is a procedure for looking at the cervix, vulva, or vagina.  A special magnifying device called a colposcope.  This allows the gynecologists to view tissues up to 60 times magnification.  This procedure is usually done when an abnormality is suspected, such as an abnormal Pap smear.  It is frequently performed in conjunction with a biopsy of the tissue in question.

 

 

A LEEP (loop electrosurgical excision procedure) is performed to remove the abnormal cells from the cervix.  A thin wire loop is used in conjunction with electrical current to provide the ability to cut while cauterizing tissue.  Local anesthesia is used to prevent discomfort.

 

 

An endometrial biopsy is a procedure used to obtain cells from the lining of the uterus (endometrium).  These biopsies are frequently necessary when patient started experiencing abnormal uterine bleeding in order to determine a cause.

 

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